Tad Spurgeon oil paintings
Where the shortest distance between two points is a spiral.


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A weekly look at process and work in progress.

july 27

      Last week of the moon, went to Vermont to finish cleaning and packing, had some unexpected help for which I am genuinely grateful. Found something in the studio from 2006 that looks really interesting, the first lnseed oil I refined, it has become unusually gelatinous, confirming yet again that aged hand-refined oil is different and may well have created paint rheologies that were misleading to subsequent researchers in their search for "the lost secret." On it goes, another piece of the puzzle, I get a kick out of stuff like this. New moon today, will drive back to Philadelphia with a car full of linseed oil.

july 20

      A sunny but less humid week, cooler mornings and evenings, easier to work. Waning moon, tried to get a lot done but began to feel tapped out later in the week, I'll go to Vermont for another round of moving in the week to come, last round before the finale. Since coming back to Philadelphia, have wanted to generate a body of work that is somehow more based on what I feel here, but at the same time the sense of what the images are capable of expands. I don't feel so much dissatisfied as that a given image simply isn't complete, that its journey isn't finished. There are painters historically who have defined finished succinctly, whose style is, for better or worse, a done deal. Then there are painters whose style evolves incrementally, or maybe in phases. Then there are painters who get involved in ongoing questions about style. I guess that, having grown up with a lot of style employed for its own sake in 20th century painting, I want to make sure that content doesn't get left at the station. Content is so important to completion, I'm always surprised at how effectively it has been marginalized as a foundation of the process. Perhaps because content, like the rabble at the palace gates, is so inconvenient. Of course, it is axiomatic that a given period will have its fads, take a lot of work seriously that art history doesn't. This is explored pretty effectively in print by R.G. Collingwood in The Principles of Art, written at the surprisingly early date of 1938. Collingwood is the first author I know to talk about the commodification of culture, differentiating between the classical definition of art – that it is based in a personal emotional authenticity that then serves the larger whole of society – and art that is a form of intellectual amusement, the cultural country club. He gets off some very good lines at the expense of this form of snobbery, but makes the larger point that actual art serves the important purpose of grounding a culture in truths it may be all too eager to avoid, that, without this call to order, a culture is only too apt to continue to believe its own propaganda. The largest point of all being that, after a certain point, a culture can cease to have a functional relationship with reality, and that this inevitably has consequences.


      Worked with two types of paint this week, one without resin and one with a little larch balsam. I keep these on different palettes just to make sure things stay straight. I'm not always thrilled with the look of the paint with resin in it but there are certain things it does quite well, just have to be patient and keep exploring how it can be engineered for more personality.


      One of the landscapes from Vermont with a little resin, ground this down lightly and put another layer on it in paint that was slightly richer, but also pretty thin for me. Liked how this worked out, something new, but want something a little denser to complete this. Am getting to understand how to do the treelet edges, this is very fun perhaps because it took me forever to figure it out technically. The general key with these is to make each layer slightly different than the preceding one, so they move back and forth between brighter and duller, or sun and fog, warmer and cooler. Don't want physical so much as atmospheric detail, have had some of these go into over a dozen layers so to be here at three feels like progress. The issue with this now is not so much the colour, a form of balance that the technique takes care of progressively, but how to integrate the sense of a softer atmosphere with the sense of a great deal of low key sparkle as the sun emerges. About 21x9.5 inches, oil on Arches Huile, I'll mount this on canvas soon to make it more stable.


      Have been working on a smaller version of this cheese for a long time, decided after putting yet another layer on it to start over. Not to abandon the first one, but to give it more breathing room by making a second one. Want to avoid too much specificity in this one, this is where I can go around in endless circles. Like where it is headed in mostly earth colours with a few brighter guest appearances, but no blue. About four layers of paint so far, 12x16 inches, oil on gessoed linen on panel.


      First peony in the recent series, did another quick layer on it, nothing too finicky, just an in-and-out round of overall touching up. Pretty close, in the zone where it's getting fun to work on, finding a little more each time. Still not sure about those red accents, more, less, darker, lighter, etc. otherwise it seems straightforward to complete now. About 12x14 inches, oil on gessoed paper mounted on canvas.


      Another layer on this one from last week, layer three. Consolidating, lost some oomph or liveliness but gained some substance. Maybe I lost the illusion that it was on its way clearly and gained the reality that there's something large still to be resolved. A little concerned that the dual shadows will simply be too prominent based on their geometry. Next round will be in looser paint again, tried this one with some blue in it, not sure blue is part of this approach. About 13.5x15 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Started this one this week, got two layers on it plus a little more on the flower itself. A reasonably wabi-sabi peony, but the most certain of these so far, the most poised, maybe also the one posing the most inscrutable question. As usual when something goes a little further somehow, will probably let this one sit a while, more to know what to leave alone than what to work on. I guess the thing I'm most interested in with these is using depiction to get beyond it, creating a seamless fabric of the personal and the universal. This is not exactly new but if I don't define the context, someone else eventually will. About 13.5x15 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Last beginning of the week, intrinsic energy of this particular moon on the wane. Somewhat more equivocal feeling, puzzled, entreaty, a peony that is a little tired of hearing about people being blown to bits, is wondering why this has to happen over and over and over again. Did three layers without really feeling that it was all that together, but didn't mind it, you can see more process as a result. Feel it's worth continuing, the ones with struggle have their own type of inner life, and it's nowhere near as confused as the first peony in the series was at this stage. About 13.5x15.5 inches, oil on gessoed paper.

july 13

      Week of the full moon, pretty warm and humid week, but, like the cold in Vermont, I'm getting used to it. Lots of thunderstorms predicted that didn't happen, although the one that did brought down several big trees. Trees here are big compared to Vermont, saw a car in the neighborhood that had been crushed by a falling primary limb. Don't you think the quiet chain saw is a concept long overdue? The racket when the sound is reflected among all the houses is incredible. Lots of energy for the work, just let it happen, had an official good day on Friday heading into the full moon. Started several new things, took photos of the best and the worst of those in addition to things that are nearer completion.


      Layer three on this one, working to balance more and less saturated greens, get that living quality of morning fog in the process of lifting. This morning has always meant a tremendous amount to me, an incredible sense of dawning possibility. After sixteen years, might almost understand it well enough at this point to make a larger one. I have a friend whose teacher in graduate school told them there has never been a good green painting. This is similar to the famous Roger Frye comment that yellow-green is simply not an artistic colour. Find myself thinking about this sort of comment while working on this, glad that my life had conspired to make that sort of pronouncement impossible. I really like this one in life so of course it didn't take a good photograph. About 21x9.5 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      The overlook on the way to Farr Cross, I made a nice small version of this, then a larger version so bad it seemed best to destroy it. Mid-size version, a good example of getting so involved in mapping it out that the feeling gets left on the platform. I liked mapping it out, but there's more to find. Frustrated with this now but that's usually what moves things forward, the next layer will feature denser paint and some transformation. About 20x12 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      Did some work on white peonies this week. Started this in June, layer five or six, getting to the point where I like it, a nice balance of painterly paint and observation. More to go, but this one seems to have gone further somehow. Changed to the Princeton 6300 instead of the 6100, this made a difference. The 6100 is white synthetic, the 6300 is also synthetic but a little more like bristle, but still finer working than bristle. I'm being encouraged to talk more about how I feel about these paintings. This is of course difficult, since they are incredibly personal, a way to communicate something deeply but also optionally, but I'm going to try. The white peony is something I became fascinated by a long time ago as a symbol of the divine feminine, the opposite of the vengeful dessert god concept we know so well. The flower of course has its own cosmic personality as well, like dogs where roses are like cats, joyous, goofy, so happy to bloom they just fall over. I especially like the way this one is bowing formally to the light. I've always been a great believer in the medieval concept of everything having a divine signature, remember being shocked as a kid that this was not how everyone felt, so nature isn't just stuff, it's metaphor. In some ways it seems didactic to talk about this, like its either apparent that this was conceived as something other than rendition, or its not. On the other hand, if the painter doesn't explain it, the critics assuredly will! About 12x14 inches, oil on gessoed paper mounted on canvas.


      Started this one a few days ago, did a mapping pass in thin paint in the afternoon, then a fuller pass the next day, still in paint that is a little more mobile. The 6300 is again helping here, more possibility to draw with the tip of the brush. Don't want to rely on the charismatic swoosh type of paint handling too much, but a little of it is fun. There's more confidence in this, or at least of knowing what I usually do that doesn't work. Thinner and more mobile paint is helping, it is simply more correctable both in the moment and in the next layer. Not done, but on its way, lighter, a good balance for the more earnest feeling of the peony above. It is interesting how specific and subterranean influences can be. The last time I went to the Metropolitan, I was really taken by the Lawrence portrait of the comic actress Ellen Farren, a painting I would have been unable to take seriously a decade ago. A fascinating portrait that is both daring and casual, she's shy yet confident, and the quality of the paint in the head is amazingly alive. Lawrence can go over the top, and he does this in the massive white impasto of her dress, but the sense of the person herself is thoughtful, a little impish but restrained. Anyway, realized while working on this that it was influenced by the feeling of that portrait. About 13.5x15 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Example of an earlier peony, the flower had spontaneously grown too much in a previous version so I mapped this one carefully in thin paint over many layers. Ontbijtje type palette, worked on it a little this week, think it's worth pursuing, will hopefully be able to get it more informed by the more recent approach as it develops. More ebullience, oops, more restraint, the endless möbius in these. About 13x16 inches, oil on gessoed linen over panel.


      Something small that has hovered near completion for a few layers now. Not quite done, but close, this stage is very fun if I don't put it on the clock. About 11x12 inches, oil on gessoed linen over panel.

july 6

      First week of the moon, the work jumped around a bit at first, then settled down. Lovely yesterday and today, but some sultry days and thunderstorms earlier ahead of Arthur moving up the coast, the cat set a world record for motionlessness by the fan. When I was a kid, my mother would sometimes announce breathlessly on returning to the house, "It's like a sauna out there!" as though experiencing this for the very first time. I heard someone in the co-op say exactly the same thing this week, exactly the same way, so it must be a philogism. The heat used to really bother me growing up, it was almost like a gratuitous insult, but it doesn't make me nearly as grumpy now. Like the cold, it's important to get out in it, rather than retreat. Not as much can happen in a given day, it's more a matter of picking the most important things, but that's okay, the theater of summer. Wanted to get grounded in the work again after two weeks of packing in Vermont, and this week helped. Still have to go back to Vermont one more time, probably in a week. Some progress in terms of developing a system that facilitates finishing at long last, would love to feel something conclusive about the work here before I go – like it's really set up to kick total butt – but know that has to happen at its own pace. Still, it feels like the ongoing attempt to re-balance process with product continues to slowly gather momentum. Once I could stop painting long enough to breathe I got concerned about the 20th century concept of the artist as mimeograph machine, since my work seemed to embody its limitations. This began to happen in 2002 or so. Exploring more about process and the materials wrote the book, but otherwise I probably took it too far. Not that anything else could have occurred, it all seems to happen for a reason.


      One of the things that I'm more aware of coming back to Mt. Airy is the architecture. There are lots of really nice larger stone houses that have a European influence, then at the other end there's the cookie-cutter twin row houses. But here's a small row house development from early in the 20th century that was really creative. There are three different house designs, two twins, then a single with a peak between them. The single becomes a double in the series, I still can't figure out a pattern in the way they built them, it may have been that the buyer had their choice of three designs, even in combination. It was nice that they avoided the Philadelphia Tudor style in the middle design, these were popular but are kind of goofy. The Hobbity design on the left is pretty unique, this is apparently German art nouveau influenced and features roof slates that are chunky and both different sizes and colours.


      Returned in the last few weeks to something that worked a while ago, a small amount of larch balsam added to the putty. Maybe five percent by volume, so the amount in the actual paint is about two percent. I like this as a way of making a dense putty more mobile, there's a decrease in thixotropy but an increase in sequestering, the paint dries more as it is placed in layers, rather than in or down. I'm not the biggest fan of resin, or maybe of its almost ubiquitous overuse these days when it gets used, but technical art history does report "small amounts" of pine resin in paintings that are fine after several centuries, so I'm going with that concept here. It gets things done, but I'm a little conflicted about the way it saturates the paint, I like oil better for this, so this approach may be temporary. Also, it's always fascinating to find ways to emulate resin without it, so that may be next.


      Another local scene, the same one as last week but slightly different view and sunny day. Lots of relatively dense paint in two layers on a relatively textured ground, but it could go even further. The issue is how to simplify the information, what to leave in, what to take out. This type of image might be a prime candidate for some ink studies. I like the first one better overall but this one is going somewhere a little more lyrical that might have potential. I'll let it sit and do more of these as they occur. About 9.5x12 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Put two more layers on the small squash from last week. This is set up, but don't love the composition, and it still needs some general adjustment, might take a few more layers to complete. I'd like to avoid too much detail in fine paint, the sort of thing that can just go on and on, so will keep doing this with paint that has more body and see what happens. About 8x13 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Put a second layer on the small study of treelets in the fog from last week. Like this better, but still see more that could be done without getting into detail, which is interesting. About 6x13 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Started a larger version of the treelets in the fog image and got three layers on it. Envisioned this as a copy of the small one, loose and atmospheric, but that just did not want to happen. An example of best laid plans, these images often have a will of their own. Maybe next time, or maybe the larger scale just defines something different. I'll keep going with this, there's a nice balance of detail and atmosphere coming, would like to take it further, resolve the leaf pattern edge situation more. About 9.5x21 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      Larger start on something that worked out at the smaller scale, setting this up in big pieces with recession but in relatively thin paint. Tuscany, a drive-by on the highway but I couldn't resist and if you can't, there's usually a reason. My goal here is three layers, but who knows? It's nice to have broken out of the small scale for these, that only worked up to a point. About 13x18 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      Back in Philadelphia this week. Warm and sunny, unpacked and got back into the work a little bit here. The week included the bitter end of the old moon and the new moon, this is always an interesting transition in terms of energy. Made a technical change, small but significant, more significant than I thought it could be, details below. Showing once again that there's always more to discover. A given territory can be explored, but become new again through applying what's been learned since it was visited. But this always comes as a surprise, since I thought I knew about that place already. A new beginning brings up the perennial tension or dialogue between certainty and uncertainty, the known and the unknown, the plan and the moment. I see planning as the diving board, allowing more air to be attained. What happens in the air is still a function of the creative process, and still beyond conscious control. It's true that planning involves risk, but it's also true that it supplies a developmental tension that is unavailable otherwise. Oh well, I guess in larger terms it's all a matter of taste and opinion. Yet, these are areas where feelings run quite deep. Perhaps this opinion, being nuanced, is intrinsically invalid in the current arena. Another reason to just make the work and run.


      I correspond with some people who have gotten into working with the oil. I admit that this is pretty geeky, but the more information we can accrue as a group, the more we'll be able to pass on to the future. Anyway, some interesting things are going on. This is one of them, a photo of some oil washed by Craig Svare. The original idea was to let the oil sit on water in the light in a wide container for a year as a way of refining it. Then Craig had to move, so he decided to wash the oil in plain water and see what would happen. So, this is a photo of the oil after that wash. If you've ever washed oil in water, you know that a great deal has been removed in one wash as a result of the oil sitting on water for four months. So, this sitting on water idea may well have application if there's no immediate need for the oil.


      There are lots of different kinds of urban landscapes around here, Mt Airy is moderately prosperous, but there's still an empty lot here and there, a sketchy or lost area. This one is on a corner, really too small to do much with, so has remained for decades. The area is compelling for me in general since I grew up here, but there's a lot to learn about the art of it, what to leave in, what to take out. It's easier to invent or alter architecture than trees or clouds, but the whole thing still has to work as a transformation. Based I think on the feeling of a Boldini study of the outskirts of Paris in the Gere collection I've always liked. Started this last week, first one in a while to use resin in the putty. Added a very small amount, but this was enough to create a more relaxed and sticky paint on a ground with fine sand that held a lot. The paint was dry the next day, a little bit of a surprise since the resin was larch balsam, but it's pretty warm, and I only used a little bit. Came back with another layer that fixed a few small things, this one seems finished. A little moody, a bright overcast day that seemed very Philadelphia, wanted to see if I could get at the whole "ruins in the landscape" thing of the nineteenth century without being sentimental or didactic. Detail below, about twice life size. About 9.5x13.5 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Layer three on this peony, it was close in layer one but not really there so I decided to just go in again without pausing. This is always a question: the first layer contains a lot of good energy, but may not contain closure. It's been solved by scraping back – Manet, Morandi, in different ways – or by adding more paint – Rembrandt, Monet, again in different ways. I don't mind how long it takes, since the puzzle long since ceased to be agonizing, and the whole 20th century worship of spontaneity alone seems to be another form of limitation. But, realistically, I'm running out of time, so I'm trying to figure out a way out of the endless loop of development with these. I'm kind of fascinated by the lumpiness of this, its ungainliness, the antithesis of the usual obsequious floral. Next layer might be conclusive, just need to remember to pummel it more, caress it less. About 13x15 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Returned to the use of a little resin, a favorite image, separate but on the same road. Made this from a tiny old pastel rather than the photo, a feeling-first approach, although I know the photo pretty well after sixteen years. Fine broken surface, cycling back and forth in the triad for the most atmosphere. Pushed the medium to see how much it would layer, this depends a little on the ground too. I'll do more to this but it was fun, a good step towards creative production. I'd love to figure out a way to do exactly this without resin, not critical technically but it's always been possible in the past so we'll see. About 7x13 inches, oil on gessoed paper.


      Last beginning of the week, an older image I've been wanting to do again. Same paint with a little resin, different ground and thinner application. This one had some time constraints on it, was just able to set it up. In some ways, this is a good idea, allows more consideration of the finishing procedure by factoring in more time. Earth colours plus a little warm and cool blue, an old favorite. About 8x14 inches, oil on gessoed paper.

      So, as is often the case, the new moon brought on something new. In a way it's old, a recasting of an approach I used years ago with damar and beeswax, but I like the look of this paint better, look forward to developing further it this week. The idea now is to accept mortality and find a way to complete paintings in days or weeks, rather than years. I was glad to do the research necessary for the book, and feel happy about the book's reception by painters who have read it. But it's time to let the research part rest and just make work with what I've learned.

june 23

      After endless packing and cleaning in Vermont, I came back to Philadelphia on Saturday. Still not done there, but the worst is over. Everybody in Vermont was really nice, but it was hard to be away from here. I sort of needed to recover for a few days, not so much from the trip but from the sense of dislocation. Did a small painting today based on some of the ideas that have been rattling around for the last few weeks. Waning moon, not the best time to begin things as a rule, but I had a strong feeling about the image and it didn't come out badly. Always hard to tell in the twilight what it's going to look like the next day, but it's at least a step forward. Even more than spring, there's an emotional sense of remembering to the summer here as I go out and do errands on the same streets where I grew up. The light is different here, the greens are different here, old but new. I don't feel nostalgia, certainly don't want to grow up here again, and have no anti-arcadian illusions about the larger metropolis. But the neighborhood itself is different. Maybe it's just a sense of appreciation, of getting a little closer to the heart of a place after so much time away.

june 15

      Full moon this week, pretty much solid warm rain here, chilly now, the sun is trying to come out this morning again after a few hours yesterday. Ah, Vermont. People at the hardware store were talking about how much they wanted to mow their lawns. The lawn as personal-communal sacrament, nature appropriately tamed and sanitized. Things here are a strangely uniform green, on the yellow side and very saturated. Looking back, a lot got done this week, had spirited help from some good friends. Volunteers when you're moving are friends indeed. There's a big pile of boxes downstairs, all the oil and books are packed, and I made a major dump run. The last time I went to the dump was a long time ago, at that point they were still being pretty evangelical, and paranoid about what people were throwing out. Now they're more accepting that trash happens, that the cycle cannot be broken at the end. It was a great relief to just unload the car and pay a pittance for the priviledge. There's a lot more packing to do, I still need to organize a lot of paintings, but everything else is simple. I guess most importantly, the sense of the house as a labyrinthian but somehow integral whole has been removed, the only logical goal is to keep boxing, cleaning, chucking. As with all larger undertakings, it's daunting in terms of envisioning the goal, but not so bad when it gets broken down into manageable increments. I've never been that much of a stuff person, but this house was large, and so, by an all too human logic, it filled up. Living in Mt. Airy for the past few months with very little in the way of possesions has actually been kind of nice. An empty room has an amazingly luxurious quality to the space, I can only use one teacup at a time, a small amount of clothing is easier to manage than my extensive collection of rags, etc. My significant other did succeed in instituting a stealth wardrobe upgrade over the last few months, so I'm walking around here in clothes less than ten years old. I've been reading an interesting book called Loving What Is by Byron Katie. It's a blunt but creative mix of classical Stoicism, especially Epictetus, Buddhism, and work on the shadow side of the personality through projecting it emotionally, rather than denying it. Her term for showing up in the present is doing the dishes. I could relate to this from cooking, when, in the end, chopping onions was much easier, meant much more, than in the beginning. So, the same thing holds true for packing: it's there, it's what needs to happen, I encounter pockets of whining but know it's easier to just do it.

       Nothing happened in the work this week, although I did manage to take pictures of more peonies. Still, I've been going through the site, unearthing things from deep within the dig, and have found a few interesting shards to consider. At this point, the work doesn't seem to change by adding new things, but by discovering new levels of what's already there. Partly this has to do with learning more about colour, and partly to do with learning more about paint. The two combine to make the subject matter itself new again. Peonies could end personally, but in larger terms could never really be finished, more would always be possible stylistically if the interest continued. So, along with the packing, there's paint rheology, paint layers, and how they might next be combined.


      Something from 1998 I could never bear to finish, but could't throw out either. I like the figure of a few weeks ago (below) better but this is a pose I'd like to revisit, maybe a little bigger. This is about 14x14 inches, oil on gessoed panel, single layer of a damar, stand oil, and beeswax medium.

june 8

      Waxing moon, lots of energy for the lots of things that are going on. Didn't get much work done this week. Decided to grind down the first layer on last week's peony and try again. This was controversial locally but I felt it wasn't done so there was nothing to do but start over. It feels better, but, as always in layer two, a little tight. The layers seem to work that way: expansion, contraction. Had more peonies come into my life and took a lot of photos of them, began one on Friday that was looser. I think this may be the way to go with a more complex subject, or at least one I have difficulty simplifying. Build the art in with the first layer, but don't do too much in terms of detail. This way, the second layer -- inevitably tighter for me -- won't get too tight. Anyway, this second image was moodier, more atmospheric, and I liked it better. Although there were time constraints and I decided to use commercial paint, which I'm sort of conflicted about. Drove back to Vermont yesterday to start the final packing. Stopped off in Bennington to meet George O'Hanlon of Natural Pigments, and Micheal Harding of the eponymous paints. These are pretty different people making very different types of paint, both quite high quality. George is interested in earth and historical colours, and Micheal is making dense, additive free concentrates that literally glow in samples. He had several large piles of paint on his table: red, yellow, green and blue, it was an arresting display. They were a little weary after the trade show, perhaps of patiently explaining endlessly that Worth & Nutting no longer makes the best art materials in the world. Micheal delivered a Pythonesque rant about painters wanting great paint for nothing. I had a good talk with George about various technical matters, and finally saw the Mayan blue in person, indigo processed with attapulgite to be more permanent. Then it was two more hours up Route 7 to Middlebury. It was a lovely day, Vermont being sparkling, well-behaved, but I noticed a lack of engagement and think that at this point, my sense of home has shifted to Mt. Airy. A lot of packing and clean up awaits in the next few weeks, but it doesn't seem as daunting now. This is something I've been noticing lately: a lot needs to happen, but the way to accomplish it seems to always arrive on time. I keep remembering an interesting image from the trip to Virginia last week. Saw all kinds of wonderful things at the botanical gardens in Richmind, but at one point was looking at a pool with water plants and a large pollywog swam into view, very close, looking right up at me. It was at the stage where it had arms, and it's head was getting more broad and frog-like. It made me wonder if I'm going through a similar metamorphosis, about halfway done. I don't really know who or what the end result will be, just that it's happening. Part of me would like to know more, or maybe control the process more. But it seems like the larger issue is to let go of who I was, an identity that had become outmoded over time, and let something creative happen not just at the easel, but in a larger frame of reference.

may 30

      Mini-news before a trip of a few days to Maryland and Virginia with many different elements, none of them painting-related. Even if you don't have that much travel prep to do, there's always some sort of background buzz about a trip that makes it more complex to concentrate. In general I'm doing okay with having more balls in the air, it seems to be what's being requested, the next step. One plus is that simply being happy to have handled everything without mishap does take the edge off of trying to do any one thing perfectly. Week of the new moon, the usual gentle lunacy in terms of nothing being quite new enough for the energy itself.


      In the summer of 2001 I did a great many florals from life, including lots of peonies. These became the foundation for more detailed images, but I'd also always liked the alla prima approach to a flower, getting the most possible in a day or two. Of all the peonies I'd painted, this type was my favorite, so when a few of these came into my life this week it seemed like a good thing to visit again. But it was pouring and really dark, and I decided to at least photograph them while they were fresh. This was interesting, focusing in on a still life set-up and its possibilities, I took over forty photos of it and learned a lot. The next day it was still overcast and the main flower had begun to sag. I decided to just paint one of the photos anyway, the same as though it were from life. Used the handmade paint, just earth colours, and a glue gesso ground on Rives instead of the Arches Huile paper. Got antsy at the end and did not make the white, used Blockx silver white instead, decided I could alter it enough to match. Haha, this was kind of an error, as it was either too mobile or too glutinous, did not have any of the qualities of the handmade lead whites I've been making. This paint is certainly not "bad," except in context it kind of bugged me, this would have been quite different if I'd been a little more patient and done the lead white myself as well. Wet in the photo still, but not a bad photo, used a less saturated paint, have a feeling this will dry up, not down. I have no idea what that goofy greenish line is in the background, it's in the painting too, possibly a fold in the paper that caused the gesso to be more absorbent there. This was a very good learning experience, what I'd call a quality disaster. Between the scale, the density of the paint, and the speed with which this both set and dried, I got into some good new territory but don't feel like it's wholly resolved. As always, I don't want more detail, but more essence. But in dealing with a white flower, a universe in white, there's some stuff that has to happen before the art can. Sop, this is typical of the new moon energy: something happens that is interesting, but still somewhat raw. If I look at this for a while, it may be possible to finish it without sending it through another dozen layers. In the meantime, it might be better just to make a new one based on what I learned from this one, and maybe just a little bigger. About 12x13 inches, oil on gessoed paper.

may 25

      Waning moon, new moon this coming Wednesday. Wanted to make some newer work anyway, didn't have that more oomph but was steady, held on. The ideal continues to be an alla prima approach, or at least an alla prima look in several layers, at a somewhat larger scale, using the recent development of handmixed paint made with slightly thicker hand-refined oil. This is more complex to say than to do. In spite of experiencing a lot of the handmade difference over the years, I'm surprised by how different the behavior of this paint is than that of commercial paint.


      It looked like this out my window this morning. The parade of flowering shrubs is ending here, the azaleas are waning, the rhododendrons are the last to flower. The houses in the neighborhood often have very small front yards that get turned into informal gardens, some of these are quite energetic and creative. There are several types of azaleas, from the oldest, small flowering ones in magenta and red, to the more modern ones with larger blossoms and more intriguing, if less natural, colours. There's a lot to consider here in terms of documenting a neighborhood, I could have been more proactive this month, just taken lots of pictures, but sometimes it seems better to just experience things, the "taking" seems to get in the way, the pictures get seen and filed away anyway. Still, there's a white peony in the front yard that's almost in bloom, a flower I've painted a lot in life over the years.


      Continued with the handmade paint this week, just mixing earth pigments and ultramarine pigment into somewhat thicker oil. This paint puddles but is not as liquid as it looks, makes low impasto and is inherently adhesive, so it layers well. Perhaps this is one of the major "lost secrets" related to handmade paint, that it can easily be grippy, additive, and saturated without any additional medium.


      Some interesting oils have come in the mail in the last few weeks. The two jars on the right are hand-pressed linseed oil by Thomas Hirsz, no heat involved, just pressure. The big jar is the oil after it settles, the little jar is what it looks like when it arrives. The other two primitively-pressed oils came in from Christian Hidaka, who has been staying in the Perigord region in France. The first one is unfiltered, the second one looks like it is filtered, but has an amazing smell that is somewhat floral. Anyway, no one in America seems to market an unrefined walnut oil, and I've never encountered walnut oil with this kind of smell, so this has been interesting. I'll refine the unrefined one, to see if, as with linseed oil, it develops more adhesion this way.


      Photo of oil being processed sent in by Laura Spector in Texas using the PDF on the site. This sort of thing does my heart good somehow. Some people have written in lately about successful processing using mixing wands or blenders, I may work on this at some point, leaving the sand out, making an emulsion from the salt water and oil, maybe adding the sand and shaking at the end by hand.


      An image I've tried a few times without much success that has become kind of a puzzle to solve. A variety of 19th century influences but I'm not thinking in those terms consciously so much as how to turn the feeling of the reference into art. Worked on this with the handmixed paint for three days, looking for a finish line of some kind. Some aspects of this I like in life, the paint certainly cooperated at several viscosities. Not sure if I'd call it done, the sort of painting to let sit for a while, keep going, develop the overall procedure further at this scale before returning to it. About 12x20 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      I'd been looking at Japanese pottery and textiles online and the opening of the next painting happened in indigo and a faded petal colour. I want to work with monochrome again as a way of finding, or at least getting closer to, the inscrutable essence of things. But the search for simplicity turns out to be quite a luxury, and may have to wait until life here settle down more.


      Got this far on a second landscape in two days, same technique. A complex composition, did a very small one a while back to puzzle some of it out. Still, worked on this more for the overall feeling than anything too specific. It feels launched, but also like lots of small things need to be altered slightly. And I'm really not sure about the lower right corner, those foreground trees may need to go. The nice thing about this was the sense of release from the more focused approach of the image before. While not as far along, this broader look is more appealing to me, seems to offer more going forward. Italy, the Garfagnana region above Lucca, about 13.5x18.5 inches, oil on Arches Huile.

      Next week is a travel week, and after that I'm going back to Vermont for an extended stay to try to pack everything that remains there. So, the news, like my life, is going to be a little disjointed for a while.

may 18

      Full moon early in the week, along with some reasonable heat and humidity. Having had issues with the summer growing up, I truly fear this weather, but am older and cooler now. Have to come to terms with it somehow, there's going to be more. Beautiful here overall, massive flowering plants everywhere. Continued to do layers on older work for most of the week, but then wanted to do something new. I've been avoiding technical experiments in favor of completion, but this one wouldn't go away, and may prove to be reasonably important over time.


      When I look at older paintings, I don't often see the look of raw oil, but typically something denser. Thinking about it, it made sense that older oil might end up being thicker, since this is what it does naturally when exposed to air, and older painters weren't generating endless small glass jars in the kitchen. So, for a long time I've been considering making paint again with hand-refined oil. I've been thickening some oil in half full jars, not the SRO oil, this would thicken too quickly, but oil refined with spring water, this goes more slowly. The other thing I wanted to investigate was paint made simply by mixing the pigment and the oil, rather than by mulling, in order to get a paint that was a little rougher looking. Again, this wasn't everybody's paint, but I had a feeling about it, especially in relation to earth colours.


      This is the first painting made with handmade paint that was simply mixed. I made six different colours: yellow ochre, a dark raw sienna, a bright but opaque red earth, transparent mars brown, ivory black, and lead white. And a simple putty with chalk. I was happy with how this turned out in terms of the colour choices, the red was a little jumpy but there was no sense of chromatic limitation overall. The grays made with ivory black and white seemed quite blue in contrast to the warm, transparent earth colours. The paint itself was a little startling in that it did exactly what I thought it was going to do. That is, the slightly denser handmade oil provided an element of adhesion or grippiness in what was otherwise technically a very simple situation. The paint could be blended, but was naturally somewhat discrete. The lead white was very adhesive but did interesting things in layers, the drapery is probably the most successful place overall at this point. In trying to complete it in one sitting, I had difficulty with the anatomy of the figure, probably should have started there, and scraped out intermittently instead of just adding more paint. The adjustments I made the second day fixed some things, but introduced others. So, the figure right now is the largest problem. And, overall, this has smoother transitions from dark to light in the foreground and background, the composition makes more sense. But this was fun, and I learned a lot from the behavior of the paint. There have been many unpleasant surprises technically over the years, so it's always nice to guess right. Will probably use what I learned from this to do a second one, then go back and fix this one. I took the picture in 1998, it was of someone I was going out with who lived in Philadelphia. But, we broke up due to the distance issue, and I never painted it. Now we're back together, and doing this seemed like it would be sort of redemptive. She was pretty rough on the anatomy, but overall I think she liked it. About 14x15 inches, oil on prepared paper.


      Second painting with the handmixed paint. Felt it would be good to do an image with which I was more familiar. An earlier study of this is one of my technical favorites of the last few years, thought it would be interesting to emulate it at a larger scale. Added ultramarine blue and green earth to the palette. The way the handmixed paint layers is very nice, natural looking, not technically obtrusive or flashy. Worked on this all day, took a few rests when I couldn't see anything else. It might be possible to make a better one, but it probably won't be this one, in life there's more to the sky, overall the painting has a pretty nice balance and sense of incoming morning light. This was a lot of work, had a warning dream last night about overwork, the usual image of a car that is having engine trouble, so I won't push things further, will take a few days off and do other stuff, maybe prep some linen, that would be good to try next instead of paper. After that, I'd like to try one of the more resistant pure landscapes, I think these might respond well to the motion of this particular paint. The behavior of this paint is something I've been looking for a long time. About 12x20 inches, oil on prepared paper.

may 11

      Waxing moon, good energy for the work this week in spite of the occasional sense of dislocation. Beautiful weather, the area is full of giant flowering trees still. This week culminated with a train trip to New York yesterday. I'd never been to Kremer Pigments, in spite of having ordered materials from them for decades, so visiting there was fun. While they do a good job of presenting pigments online, the colours just have "more" in the way of identity in life. Had a walk on a summery afternoon on part of the High Line, this is incredibly well done, an elevated mini-park through lower Manhattan, everybody there was pretty happy. Ended up at the Metropolitan for the evening, was a little tired at that point but regenerated for a while anyway; someday I'll get to the Met under leisurely circumstances. Saturday evening there has a nice atmosphere, sort of festive, but there were also a lot of things I wanted to see that were closed. So, no Chardins or Corots, no Constables or Turners. The Vermeers were available, Young Woman with a Water Pitcher has been high on my list to see again and was wonderful. Typically in reproduction the colour gets a little exaggerated, it is on the sparkling side but not unnatural feeling, the handling of the natural ultramarine in the shapes and planes is marvelous. I wonder if it is the first painting to use natural ultramarine everywhere. In the opposite direction, Woman with a Lute was compelling in it's lack of colour, the focus on her lively face emerging from the overall darkness. This one, again, is given more colour and higher values in reproductions. Given the relative obsession with Vermeer these days – howwasitdone, howwasitdone, howwasitdone – I was worried they would be hard to see, but they weren't crowded. The Van Dycks were engaging and well-painted, maybe one had lowered midtones from the aging of thin paint over a dark ground. They looked almost demure compared to the larger and more flamboyant work by Rubens. The famous Lawrence portrait of Elizabeth Farren is a little over the top but she was a comic actress so maybe that was intended. It's hopelessly well painted, he was an amazing technician as well as able to get a wonderful liveliness in the paint itself. This can get mannered in a shining happy way, and there's an English quality that puts some people off, but, especially compared to Reynolds, Lawrence has something unique to offer in the restrained verve of the paint. They have a lot of Degas; it looked at one point like they were positioning Degas to be "the best" Impressionist. The drawings and dimly-lit pastels look better than the oils, which have often darkened a lot. I got a little hung up on the "dottiness" of some of the Monets from the 80s, this resolves itself at distance but I was tired and these looked too speckled to me close up. The moderate Rouen cathedral, this was much more satisfying somehow in terms of integration. There was a lovely small Pisarro still life, early, the handling still influenced by Corot. Again I got a little hung up on a detail, in this case, a knife blade that was simply painted but seemed almost bizarrely perfect for it's role in the painting. A surprise in that area was Bonnard's Garden (1935), which I'd never seen. In life this was both vivid and natural, hot graffiti colours meet Australian aboriginal magical mapping in what looked like one layer of paint. All older paintings in egg tempera looked amazing, simple in some ways, complex in others, but with lovely bright colour often revolving around natural ultramarine and vermilion. Sassetta's Adoration of the Magi is quietly famous, and, like The Persistence of Memory, is small, similarly managing to be both epic and cute. I'm attracted to this quality, the visual haiku, truth doesn't require a circus tent's worth of canvas. A late night, pushing to that extent is sometimes inevitable but may be a double-edged sword in terms of the longer term validity of what I saw. Still, seeing paintings is the most important food group, no matter what I saw or felt, a lot happened. This means a lot to consider or factor in in terms of the next step, the tectonic plates are in motion. Can see something different happening as a response to the early egg tempera work, flat space and large pieces of colour on panels, a return to the colorscape idea but in tempera. The new thing is always fun to envision, play around with technically, but wonder if this kind of departure is wise just now. On the other hand, what's one more massive change at this point? Maybe it's only logical?


      The new studio is coming together slowly, I like the room and the light. I'm without most of the work here, as well as most everything in terms of possessions, so there's not too much in it yet, always a plus in terms of helping new things to happen.


      In theory the waxing moon is for starting new work, but with everything that's been going on I felt more comfortable doing layers on a set of florals in progress I brought down here in the last trip. This is something older that had gotten pretty gnarly. In some ways this is discouraging, in others it sort of opens the door for a more creative solution. So, I carved some of the larger gobs out of the surface and put a pretty dense layer on it using semi-saturated paint. I knew it would probably dry a little funny, and it did, but the procedure felt strong. Not done, but a moral victory, on its way to greater unity, a more painterly solution. There are two more of these in the birth canal, one in better shape, pretty close to done, then the best composition but in worse shape, both a little bigger. This one is 11x14 inches, oil on gessoed linen over panel.


      Second version of something from life that worked out years ago. This one is on paper over panel, . Decided to try a saturating layer to begin the finishing process, but got things a little shiny. This is not a technical problem since the surface can be ground back, but on a relatively plane surface, it did mean I didn't get as much paint on as I'd wanted to. Still, it's always fun to see that glowing surface, and it is merciless in terms of exposing small issues. More to go, but moved forward. About 12x14 inches, oil on paper over panel.


      Something older that has gone pretty far afield, have to be in a certain mood to throw one of these a lifeline. Or maybe just have to see how to get to the next step. Backed away from saturation in favor of enough paint to alter it reliably. An image I always liked, did an alla prima version years ago from life. This is old enough that it will always be a little technically crude. I don't mind that, there's actually a lot to be said for correcting an initial crudeness step by step until the balance seems right. 12x16 inches, oil on gessoed linen over panel.


      Most recent beginning of this series. Began it slowly, it has always had a solid quality that I like. The colour has moved back and forth between natural and lower chroma, I'll keep doing that as it develops. A saturating layer, it will be ground back slightly before the next one using very fine sandpaper. 12x16 inches, oil on gessoed linen over panel.


      There's an extended alla prima version of this on canvas that I really liked from a few years ago, started this one on a gessoed panel with the idea of doing a somewhat different version of it in layers. It's coming together, but not quite in the wonderful place where it just starts completing itself. 12x15 inches, oil on gessoed panel.


      Last one this week, had all the technical ducks in a row for this one, a good amount of saturation for this level of completion. One of my favorite images from this series of florals, second version of it, it's always been in a good place but sometimes that can lead to large pauses between layers. Only finer stuff to do, clean-up, a few more layers may complete this one. 12x16 inches, oil on gessoed linen over panel.

may 4

      Drove back from Vermont with another load of stuff on Tuesday. The influx makes it easier to function here, but it is still far from feeling like home. How to define home seems to be kind of an issue right now; more of my painting world would help. It feels like the key is simply to get everything down here as quickly as I can, but it seems equally important to work with what wants to happen here, so I'm not sure how fast this can be. New moon, a demanding one so far in terms of looking for a new way to balance everything, keep all the balls in the air. Began to settle into the work slowly again this week, but am only beginning to feel what wants to happen next.


      There's a mixed putty I've been using for a while now off and on to give the paint a quality of density with movement. The first version was a little loose or mobile for me, the second one was a little dense. When I was in Vermont I made a third version of it, trying to find a middle ground. But, as is often the case in these situations, I couldn't resist trying something new. It wasn't much of a change, but because I increased the amount of commercial burnt plate oil, the change has proven pretty significant, even though I tried to compensate by making the medium denser. So, I wanted more saturation, and I got it, but as always when this material is involved -- at least for me -- there's an element of complexity in the execution. The medium appears dense, but, in spite of several types of compensation, contains the secret melting character of BPO. Sometimes evolution can be seamless, at other times it's more quantized, meaning that the first step is a doozey. Even though this is the third version of the formula, there was an interesting learning curve with it this week. I'm not sure this approach is going to work out yet, but it's important not to panic: more time often shows a way to develop a situation that isn't apparent at first.


      The houses in the neighborhood are older, with small front yards that tend to become informal gardens. Most of these are restrained or tasteful, but there are a few that pull out all the stops. There are a few images around now that are more certain, but between the composition and the colour scheme, I couldn't resist trying this one. Got one dense layer on and a little correction the next day. As is often the case with a new idea, this felt better after a few days, although it did take an unusually good photograph. I don't want much more from this; one more similarly juicy layer of paint might do it. About 11x15 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      Another study testing out the new medium, this one from life. Really wet still, did not take a good photo, I like it better in life but it's not really resolved enough. Haven't done that much of this object work from life recently, so there are some forgotten things to remember. The thing to do in this case is to just make more of these studies from life in this new room, get to know it's personality better, this composition feels inherently flawed. Maybe the object just became too large for the frame, but in larger terms it feels caught between opposites in terms of colour form and space. The trifecta! Still, the room is very nice for this type of work, the object can be in north light, while the easel can be far away in east light. About 11.5x15.5 inches, oil on Arches Huile.

april 28

      Drove back to Vermont on Friday, left early and made good time, always fun. My idea was that I'd do this several times over the next few months, but, even though the trip itself isn't that bad, the sense of living between two worlds is pretty disorienting. It was great to see my friends here, but there's not really a studio or a life here anymore. That's in Mt. Airy and I began to miss it very quickly. The fact that Spring in Vermont has been non-existent until this morning might have something to do with it, the house seemed freezing to me even though it was warmer than I'd kept it over the winter. More relativity. I've been packing for the last few days, and it's clear that, as with the last move five years ago, this is going to take a while to do right. So, I'm driving back with the loaded car tomorrow, thinking more carefully about the various things I need, but now the plan is to come back in a few weeks or so and get everything finished, taking as long as necessary. I packed over several months last time but really don't have that option now. The transition itself is complex enough, there's just too much tension involved in trying to straddle two worlds like this. It will take time to pack everything, at least two weeks, maybe three. I'm working to develop a positive attitude towards this: what can I learn, how can I do it better, how can resistance of what seems like endless drudgery be turned into acceptance, smooth and seamless motion from one box to the next?


      This house was built in 1790, the front room upstairs was a good room to work in. Still, there's something new happening in the new room, which is a little more civilized. Time to let this one go.


      I ended up liking this way of storing the oil, makes it possible to see what's going on with several different processes all at once. One of the many things I'm looking forward to boxing up later in May.

april 20

      Another week in which a great deal happened. I made this move mostly for personal reasons, so am going to give myself plenty of time to set up a life here that's related to painting. The principal thing I'm aware of now is the potential for a lot of growth on the one hand, a lot of fear on the other. Life has a tendency to take on patterns, these have the dual purpose of organization and limitation. In Vermont I felt had come to the end of my ability to alter the existing patterns creatively, so the opportunity to simply exchange them for a new beginning seemed worth exploring. This still seems to be true, but is also requiring more of a sense of faith and trust that the relevant chance is going to be supported in larger terms. There were a few challenging days this week when the changes seemed to be overwhelmingly large. At the same time, there's a sense of having escaped from a vortex of limitation, not so much about Vermont specifically but about who I had become there. I'm going to go back to Vermont this week for another load of stuff. This will allow more to happen here in the work and more of a sense of grounding in terms of actually having a life here instead of camping out.


      It looked like this here earlier in the week. There are lots of these little rabbit warren views around here, the crazy quilt of houses, gardens, fences, and sidewalks in an old suburb. From my perspective they require a lot of creative simplification but might turn into a series of paintings at some point. It's interesting to have grown up here, but to now see it from the very different perspective of having been in Vermont for the last three decades.


      There are also lots of flowering trees out now. The magnolias got a little zapped by the frost, but the cherries didn't seem to mind. These can be quite large compared to anything I've been seeing in Vermont.


      Processed a small sample of handpressed linseed oil from Canadian painter Thomas Hirsz, This was made as primitively as possible, without added heat or humidity and is noticably different than commercial oils, less mucilage to remove and much more sensitive to the electrical attraction of the silica. Third wash pictured here, the middle layer between the oil and water is not the usual gunk coming out but a great many small bubbles of oil still holding onto granules of sand. Ill bring it all over into a water only rinse and see what happens.


      Have done several more layers on this image from the Garfagnana, have decided not to let it sit but continue until it's complete. For me this brings up issues regarding the rheology of the paint, so I'm working with how elastic, how dense, how thixotropic, et al. It's getting better, developing sense of the light in the location and a lot of fun movement in the darks. Even if "finished" remains elusive, I'm able to turn the colour around in a finer way than a year ago, keeping it alive through the various layers. One more? No, probably two or three. About 19x28 inches, oil on Arches Huile..


      Have put three more layers on this one since it began, the first larger floral of the recent series, started it with tremendously gritty and goopy putty. While the painting itself was not done in the first pass, the peony was. The painting itself is better now, but I want the whole thing to have a little more of the original swoosh supplied by the goopier medium. So, not done but closer overall, possible to complete this next time by returning to the original conception. About 20x22 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      Went to New York yesterday for the first time in years with my intrepid significant other. Great weather, the city was in a good mood. This was a fun trip but also full of challenges with regard to timing. The most important of these went well, but, at the end of the day, we just missed being able to stop into Kremer Pigments, where I've ordered materials for decades but never visited, then went to B&H only to find out that they were closed for the holiday. Do I really need a new camera, even if it's a really cheap one? The city, of course, would say yes. I'd like something I could just put in my pocket for walking around, maybe I'm just supposed to wait.

april 12

      Second full week in Mt. Airy, went to the co-op, got my car repaired, thought about the kinds of things that might be painted around here. It's getting pretty warm already, lots of trees about to flower, and some of these are of course quite large. Waxing moon, things came forward in the work without too much issue, picking up that sense of knowing what to do next from where I left it to work on the paintings for the show. There's a background feeling that more can happen here, that I won't be perceived as that "weird Old Master guy" as was so often the case in Vermont. Otherwise, not sure what to do yet, there's a personal life here, which is a lovely change, but nothing else so far, this makes it feel a little precarious sometimes. Still, I grew up a few minutes walk away from where I now live, so it's a pretty logical place to return to and start over. It's probably best to get set up here more fully, make a few more trips back to Vermont for stuff, before thinking too much about it.


      Kept things simple again this week, used a putty I tubed before leaving, a few different thicker oils, and chalk, nothing else. I keep fiddling with the composition of a brighter yellow, then saying who needs brighter yellow anyway, then trying again. The light here is very nice, and it's warmer, so things are both tightening and drying quickly. Different to learn more about the depth of the same system, but this is of course where things can get more subtle.


      Got the linseed oil from Thomas Hirsz yesterday, this is pressed by pressure alone, an awful lot of pressure. As Tom has commented, it's surprisingly light, although also on the green side and cloudy due to being completely unfiltered. I'll rig up some way of refining it this week, it will be interesting to see how it compares to commercial oils. When Leslie Carlyle got involved in "historically accurate reconstructions" of older materials, she commented to the effect that, past a certain point, the prediction of accuracy is simply not possible. There are also situations where the identity of a given material may have changed: De Mayerne records that a varnish made from Venice turpentine dries in a few hours, meaning that the only possible historical material for his "Venice Turpentine" is silver fir balsam, olio d'Abezzo, not the current mixture of larch balsam and colophony called Venice Turpentine. This basic shift in identity is also possible here, as flax seed is routinely modified now for better oil yield. Still, this is as close as it may be possible to get to an older oil as a point of departure, so definitely something worth exploring. You can read more about Tom's adventures in paint and oil making here.


      Did some more work on this image from the Garfagnana, became a little bugged by it but have to admit it came forward, is the closest to finished yet of the larger pieces. A little too saturated here, and that blue is a little nutty, but otherwise pretty accurate. Working on something of this scale is easier for me than things that are smaller, I think because there's more territory to cover, so it's more likely I'll stop before overdoing a given layer. More to go, I'm going to try to have it done next week. About 19x28 inches, oil on Arches Huile.


      A painting I've been very interested in, but felt I didn't know how to finish. This situation was helped by the finishing marathon for the show in Stowe. It has a frame now, the frame is a little bright so I'm finishing the painting to be a little brighter as well. Mostly worked on the background and the jar this time, it came forward, didn't do more because the edges have grown and are going to need a few more coats of paint anyway. Apologies for the skewed photo, could not figure out how to get it straight with the current software. About 14.5x15.5 inches, oil on canvas over panel.


      Did layers on a few more of the florals I started before leaving Vermont. These all came forward, but in ways that were somewhat unpredictable. This may be due to the amount of time in the process between when they were started, in January, and now. The element of unpredictability is fine, they all seem to end up with their own individual style anyway. About 20x22 inches, oil on Arches Huile. I'll mount these on canvas before framing them, this makes something very stable.

april 5

      Week of the new moon, started work again this week. It felt good to pick up the work where I had to leave it while finishing things for a show in the last few months: Yes, I remember this, this was really fun. My new home is working out well in general. It's more urban than Vermont, more ambient noise and activity, but pretty easy to get used to. Still a lot of new life to put together here, but it all feels familiar since it's where I grew up and it hasn't changed much. Not the best photos this week, no tripod, different computer with different software, so, camping out a little on the news too.


      I brought more studio with me than anything else, sort of a security blanket but it worked out well this week. I'm not going to do anything fancy or experimental for a while, just develop a set of paintings at a larger scale for me, the 22x30 size of the Arches Huile paper.


      An image that I did a small study of in 2013 and liked, amalgam of several influences in a tiny town somewhere up in the Garfagnana. Worked on this for four days, kept the technique simple, paint and putty, added more each day, the last day the paint was pretty tarry, made the paint-putty combination a little richer, making finer things possible. I'm not sure this process couldn't be telescoped somewhat, I began it a little more indirectly than necessary. This is tricky, though, because too direct a beginning can accidentally lead to an obvious conclusion. Still wet, reflections interfering with the saturation overall, not done but in a good place for week one, nice sense of light and place, the art established though not crystallized. The idea now is to be more normal, just make paintings with what I know rather than trying to extend the knowledge base constantly. That was fun, but it also took on a life of its own, in that I had to make sure I had explored the territory thoroughly. Conversely, it's now kind of a relief to simply concentrate on what finished means, rather than asking a priori technical questions as well. This is about 20x28 inches, oil on Arches Huile. I'll probably let it sit a few days, I like it in general but a rest often produces a clearer sense of the next step.


      I've been corresponding now for a few months with Canadian painter Thomas Hirsz. Tom has become involved with refining linseed oil, and, having a mechanical turn of mind, decided to make a traditional oil press as well. This is exciting since even "cold-pressed" linseed oil is processed at the temperature of boiling water. Some of the higher quality nutritional oils are processed at a lower temperature – 50C for Flora – but Tom's oil is even below that, and straight from the press as well. He's generously sending me a sample, so this will be very interesting to process in the next few weeks. You can read more about Tom's adventures in paintmaking here.

march 30

      Last week of the moon, new moon today, a lot of transition this week. Loaded the car Thursday morning early and drove down to Philadelphia, not exactly the neighborhood I grew up in since things here are so compartmentalized, but pretty close. Things are very familiar here, but also different. I've got a good apartment for the work, nice since I took it sight unseen, am in the process of setting it up. This part is going to take a while, though I think some work will happen this week. There's a sense of starting over, but also a sense that that's good. It's pretty hard to explain it all, an epic risk in progress, but so far it's going well.

march 23

      Waning moon, more nutty weather, temperatures up and down, lots of bare spots, lots of spots with lumpy ice. Taught Monet in a Day yesterday, the third time in the last few months, it went pretty smoothly this time, more experience now with what matters and what doesn't in the time frame. Then went to the opening at Stowe in the evening, the gallery had very nicely featured my work in the room, even re-painted a panel in the room in a darker colour for the paintings. A nice night, saw lots of people I hadn't seen in a while, got to connect again with some old students, met some interesting artists. People around here are still sort of winter-shocked, so the opening was more of a party for the gallery than a "selling" opening, only saw one red dot on a smaller painting during the evening. Talked to one local collector who was interested in the work and couldn't have been nicer, also talked to some younger painters interested in the materials. A big day and late night for me, but fine once in a while, part of the process.

      I'm still reading The Principles of Art, while not a day at the beach, it is the most fascinating book of its type I've ever read, a logical and heartfelt look at the ways we can both help and confuse ourselves through our definition of art and its ancillary terms. Most recently, Collingwood has gotten around to defining art – any actual art – as an imaginative emotional experience for both the viewer and the maker. That is, that the real art is not of the given sense, i.e., sensual, but of the imagination. He has defined imagination as positive, a way to experience emotions we may need, or have lost touch with, as opposed to amusement, which he defines as negative, the art of distraction and addiction, emotion as fast food as opposed to nutrition. Anyway, while simply written, this book is pretty condensed, a lot happens on every page. While gentle in his own way, Collingwood is not holding anyone's hand, he is telling a truth that is pretty imperative for him. Combined with an old-fashioned sense of fair play, this gives the book a lot of ethical oomph. There's more to come, and lots to consider already from what I've read so far.


      This was a very quiet week in the work. I'd planned to take a few days off, but this is turning into an extended vacation. I know what wants to happen next, but, for the time being, it just can't. Sometimes art and life are on the same page, and sometimes they're not. I'm going to be leaving Vermont on Thursday for at least the month of April, but will have materials with me and check in here. In looking over my life this past winter – standard 4 am activity past a certain age – I found I had one real regret, one place I just did not want to look, and decided to try to do something about it. This wasn't easy, but, on the other hand, there didn't seem to be much of an alternative. It took me a long time, but I realized I had to go back to a wrong decision and try to right it. The attempt has been fruitful so far, with a lot of hope now on both sides. We'll see what April brings. You don't often get a second chance, and it of course involves taking that chance, but a lot of interesting things seem to be becoming possible this year. It's almost as though time is becoming more transparent, or more obviously circular, but that we have to recognize the difference, therefore the opportunity, in order to make use of it.

march 16

      Still freezing, below zero again last night. We had a decent snowstorm, about a foot of snow like fine sand that blew all over the place for over a day as it fell. Had to go pick up frames in Burlington the next morning, drove up on a fine washboard of ice because the state had tried brining. You'd think this would be fine in the middle of March but it didn't work that well because it was still so cold. Strange, stressful at first, but I got used to the sense that traction was sometimes a little iffy, the car was just floating every now and then. I got everything done I'd wanted to except one that got close, figured out its issues but had no time left to put it over the top. Got one bonus in the form of an extra frame that fit something existing that was already finished, so delivered seven paintings to West Branch in Stowe yesterday afternoon. It's a very large space, with a modern architectural look that's very accessible. They've added a new room for landscapes where my work will be shown, this is more intimate. So, like a museum, they kind of switch themes between rooms, it's an eclectic approach but tied together by a consistent sense of taste. The West Branch owners, Tari and Chris, are both artists, and took several hours with me there, discussing the work and the history of the gallery, which also has a sculpture park fronting the river that is amazing in the summer.. Everyone thinks of Stowe as a giant money ski town, but in Vermont the story is always more complex than that. These are resourceful folks, with whom I share a sense that art needs to be real on the one hand, and figure out a way to be sold on the other. Tari has put together an amazing assortment of landscape approaches for the show, and wants to feature a copy of the book in the gallery, so I think it will be a fun opening for me. My sculptor friend Merv, veteran of many a California opening from the brie and chablis era, advised me to go in disguise, explaining that openings were much easier with an adopted persona. I know a Dutch painter who's devoted to Rembrandt who always wears period costume to any public gathering, but I think I'll just go as the innocent, somewhat befuddled painting professor, peering at the world through thick glasses, hopelessly lost in the ozone of older texts, clueless about what is hip and what is not. Anyway, the most grueling month in a long time, no wiggle room, just had to run the course, get to the finish line. It was good to explore completion more throughly, helped by a waxing moon in the last two weeks, but it will be nice to get back to my old friend, the process, which has been looking askance at this shift in emphasis, to say the least. But first, I'm going to rest for a few days, no painting, no nothing.


       In the past few years, partly as background research for Living Craft, partly because it turned out to be interesting in its own right, I read a great deal of writing about painting. Most of this has been wondrous, but, given our immersion in duality, some of it less so. Contemporary academics can write cleanly and purposefully, such as Laurinda Dixon's book on Bosch, weave a personal but fascinating tapestry of commentary in the manner of Diderot, such as Norman Bryson's Looking at the Overlooked, or create a variety of glass bead games that really have little to do with the subject, such as, well, never mind, let's just say that, if everyone who wrote about painting were required to know how to paint, a lot of folderol and tail-chasing could be avoided. Technical art history is more consistent because it is necessarily more grounded in the facts. The level of prose is high, people like Joyce Townsend or Leslie Carlyle tend to get a certain spin on the science. Mention can again be made here of the extraordinary book by Susie Nash about the Northern Renaissance, an introductory text that is basically a work of art in itself.

      I ran across R.G. Collingwood while researching what Plato had actually said about art in The Republic. His way of writing was immediately sympathetic and I got a copy of the book the excerpt came from, The Principles of Art, first published in 1938. The aim of the book is to answer the question, "What is art?" Collingwood was a philosophy professor at Oxford, but, interestingly from the perspective of current academic writing, is not particularly devoted to large words. In fact, quite the reverse: he makes his points in simple declarative sentences. Now, if the subject is complex, reducing it to its essence is the ultimate challenge, but also the most fruitful approach in terms of testing the sense of the arguments at the most basic level. Similarly to Nash, The Principles of Art stands alone in terms of an author tackling and taming a complex subject with an absolute minimum of waffle. This is especially amazing considering that Collingwood must cope with the infinitely murky waters of centuries of aesthetic theory. His genius is not to wade into them, but rather, part them, and walk right through, taking the reader along with him. If you have ever waded into aesthetic theory, (Elizabeth Prettejohn's Beauty & Art offers an accessible overview of the history of the subject and asks some interesting larger questions as well) you know that this is in fact a kind of miracle. Collingwood accomplishes this by establishing a series of logical distinctions that serve to clear the air. He refuses, for example, to let art be defined by technique or style, distinguishing several categories of pseudo-art before ultimately exploring the concept of art as applied emotional integrity, and why this is culturally so vital. He does not attempt to separate art and life, but unite them, and, as a result of an extraordinary world view grounded in Greek philosophy, makes some incredibly prescient comments about art and the life of a society. As with T.J. Clark in Manet: The Painting of Modern Life, he understands that the Industrial Revolution involved capitol in the spiritual disenfranchisement of the lower classes, and goes so far as to say that the education of the English rural population in the later 19th century robbed it of it's sense of magical connection to the earth via its traditional culture. This from a professor at Oxford writing before Munich! But, unlike Clark he does not use this as a platform for an incipient Marxism, rather, he simply says this does not work, citing the way ancient Rome tried to permanently distract it's proletariat with bread and circus, only to crumble via a way of life that had no meaning for those who were living it. This is perhaps the most unnerving thing about this book from the current perspective, since, similar to Delacroix complaining that trains and clipper ships introduced too much speed for its own sake, the situation Collingwood found alarming in 1938 has multiplied exponentially since the time the book was written. Anyway, this has really stirred the synapses, a search for aesthetic definitions in the best Platonic tradition, and is highly recommended if the current battle between Beauty and Irony seems just the least bit silly.


      Not much happened technically this week, just kept developing finishing layers on a few paintings. When I picked up the frames, the framer had very nicely tried to take as little of the image as possible on the smaller ones. This did result in some white space showing, so I inpainted that with the methyl cellulose tempera I've talked about off and on I love this stuff, want to do more with it.


      Group shot of the paintings I took to the gallery, with examples of the newer work that went on hold for the last month or so above them. A little bit of a motley crew, I tried to keep to a grouping but also had to keep selecting which ones to focus on simply due to the possibility of completing them in the allotted time. But all things considered it turned out well, I never thought I would figure out that buttercup squash, started that in 2007, well over two dozen layers of paint on it.


      This is an image that the gallery liked, I didn't have a frame to fit the existing one so I made a new one at a size for which I had a frame. Pretty close given it's not even a month old, some things I like, but it didn't feel quite done, time to give it a pause. About 14x18.75 inches, oil on gessoed linen on panel.


      Also got a frame for this peony, which has been hanging around semi-complete for a while now. This has been a great favorite of mine, I'd really like to just keep it for good, but at the same time, letting things go also means letting things grow. Realized that I'd learned enough about the finishing process to continue with it, thought a frame would be encouraging. About 14.5x15.5 inches, oil on gessoed linen on panel.

march 9

      Waxing moon, this week featured some record cold but ended at least a little more seasonally. Continuing to finish paintings for this show in Stowe that opens on the 22nd, I'm due to deliver work on the 15th. Haven't focused this much on finishing in a while, this is week four, it's sort of a matter of doing what comes naturally each day but not forcing anything, so there's more to work with the next day instead of getting into deficit. A little caffeine is okay, but no wine, sigh. I've done okay, will be able to deliver a few more. At the same time, this isn't that creative in larger terms; have to admit I'll be happy when I can go back to developing the more open textured, larger scale work that had just started when this gallery opportunity began. Still, I've learned a lot about finishing, about when to stop on a given day, how to rethink something when it's direction is muddled, and how to get paint to dry quickly reliably without additives in a cooler studio. Anyway, everything is wet, impossible to photograph right now.


      It looked like this this afternoon on Farr Cross road outside of Vergennes. Winter is slowly receding, although one more snow storm is due this week.


      I spent most of this week in this room, finishing paintings for the upcoming show in Stowe.


      Did a lot of work with various couch formulas this week, rubbing them on very thinly on the panels with my fingers. Maybe the best one to use is thick hand-refined linseed oil (or sun oil) that has been thinned with solvent. This goes on very thin, sets up quickly, and is dry the next day even now. But it also involves solvent in a closed space, so I've been trying other things. A little egg white emulsified into the oil works well, and I've also liked a small amount of cooked starch gel. This gets mashed finely into the thicker oil first, then the resulting sticky paste is thinned with thinner oil. It starts out translucent, below, but becomes transparent as it sits. The translucence isn't an issue as it is put on so thin. Any of these tempera additions make the oil tighter, stickier, act more as though the medium contains a resin.

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